Извор: Едувики
Датотека:Blue-bg rounded.svg


In a few words...

Belgrade is the capital and the largest city of Serbia and one of the oldest cities in Europe. The first settlements in the Belgrade area date from prehistoric Vinča, 4800 BC. Belgrade itself was founded by the Celts in the 3rd century BC, before becoming the Roman settlement Singidunum. Slavic name "Beligrad" (Slavic: Bjelgrad) was first recorded in year 878. Belgrade is the capital of Serbia from 1405 and was the capital of various South Slavic states since 1918 until 2003, and Serbia and Montenegro since 2003-2006.

The city lies at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers in central Serbia, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkan Peninsula. The population in Belgrade according to the census of 2011 is 1,659,440. It is the largest city in the former Yugoslavia and the third by population in southeastern Europe, after Istanbul and Athens. Belgrade has the status of a special district in Serbia with local government. Its territory is divided into 17 urban municipalities, each with its local government. Belgrade occupies more than 3.6% of the territory of the Republic of Serbia, and about 20% of Serbian citizens live there. Belgrade is also the economic center of Serbia and center of Serbian culture, education and science. Belgrade is a cultural, social and touristic capital of the country and the city of youth. It is a place of rich and long history, tumultuous past, exciting present and bright and perspective future. Streets are always full of people - Belgrade is constantly on the move - night and day, summer and winter. It is the spirit that cannot leave any visitor indifferent. Belgrade has a moderate continental climate. The average annual temperature is 11.7 °C, the warmest month is July, with an average temperature of 22.1 °C. However, Belgrade has on average about 31 days a year with temperatures over 30 °C, and up to 95 days a year with a 25 °C. Average annual precipitation is about 700 millimeters. Every year this area has about 2096 hours of sunshine, with July and August as the sunniest, and December and January as cloudiest months, with only 2 to 2.3 hours of sunshine a day. In last five years average temperature in March is about 10 °C, and average temperature in period between 20-25 March is around 15-20 °C...


The fact that in only two months of this year the number of foreign tourists increased by 16% shows the magnitude of tourism development in Serbia. In recent years, great efforts are being made at restoring and improving the tourism insdurty. The numbers of the „weekend“ and the „city“ tourists are increasing. Almost all tourists spend their evenings exploring the nightlife of Belgrade. −But in daylight, the inevitable locations are certainly Kalemegdan fortress, The Republic Square and Knez Mihailova pedestrian zone with all its amenities. For nature lovers, there are the Topčider park, Hyde Park, the forest complex Košutnjak and Botanical garden „Jevremovac“ that is more than a hundred years old. The perfect place for a relaxing break outside of the city is the mountain Avala resort, where the popular Avala tower (the tallest building in southeastern Europe) and the Mausoleum of the Unknown Soldier are situated. In the summer season, there is a big artificial lake, Ada Ciganlija. You shouldn't miss a visit to the Belgrade Zoo and the Great War Island on the Danube river. You can explore Belgrade by foot, by bus, ship, balloon or tram. particularly interesting sites include the famous royal White Palace complex in Dedinje and the Bohemian quarter, Skadarlija. For museum and gallery lovers, the best time to visit Belgrade is during May, when traditionally „Museums Nights“ are held. Admirers of religious architecture can visit monuments of Orthodox Christian (Temple of St. Sava, Church of St. Mark, St. Ružica Church, Monastery of Presentation), Islamic (Bajrakli Mosque) and Judaic architecture (Belgrade Synagogue). There is a large number of historically, architecturally and socially significant buildings - the National Museum and National Theatre on the Republic Square, the Assembly of Serbia and the City Assembly in the vicinity of the Square of Nikola Pašić etc. Special and equally attractive environmental sites are Zemun Gardoš and promenades along the banks of the Sava and Danube rivers...