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Serbia

In a few words...


Serbia is a Balkanic, Danube, Moravaian and Pannonian country in Southeastern Europe. It is a country of long history, tradition and turbulent past, which is located in a place where East and West, European and Oriental influences, Christian and Islamic cultures meet. The area of Serbia is about 88,000 km2, and and is characterized by vast plains in the north (Vojvodina) and picturesque mountains, valleys and gorges in the east, south and west. The climate of this region is temperate continental with long, hot summers and cold and harsh winters. Natural beauties of Serbia are numerous - National Parks (Tara, Kopaonik, Fruška Gora, Iron Gate and Šara mountain), reserves and natural parks (Uvac River Canyon, Vršac mountains, Avala, Rtanj, Ibar valley, Drina, Danube and Sava rivers) and many other natural curiosities and rarities (sand-plains, canyons, gorges, a large number of spas and mineral springs). The capital is Belgrade, the city that has two million people. It is a cultural and social headseat. Apart from Belgrade, other cities, such as Novi Sad, Niš, Kragujevac, Vršac, Subotica, Priština and others, can be highlighted by their beauty.

History


The territory of Serbia has been inhabited since ancient times. Slavic tribes came in the sixth century, and as of IX century they formed the first independent Serbian state. XIII and XIV century was the Renaissance period during the Serbian dynasty of Nemanjići. With the collapse of the former empire, this territory was occupied by the Turks, who retained them until the nineteenth century, when Serbia became independent again. The period of the twentieth century passed with two turbulent Balkanic wars and two World wars. Since 1945 it became a part of the common state of Southern Slavs - Yugoslavia. After the civil war in 1991 the country broke up and formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which consisted of Serbia and Montenegro. By 2006, that state union dissolved and Serbia became an independent country on the map of Europe. The end of the twentieth and the beginning of the twenty-first century is a period of difficult political and social situation in the history of this country, faced with numerous internal and external problems, where firstly there is the unilateral declaration of independence of the autonomous province of Kosovo by ethnic Albanian majority. Today, Serbia is a modern country in transition and EU integration. Country is a member of the UN, OSCE, Partnership for Peace and CEFTA. Serbia has close relations with Russia, neighboring countries and the Non Aligned Movement members. Also it is a potential candidate for EU membership.

Tourism


The tourist offer is very good, but with possibility of further progress and improvement. Serbia has a large number of natural rarities and beauties that attract domestic and foreign tourists. There is five national parks, spas, mountain resorts (ski resorts, air spas), and large and navigable rivers, lakes and forest expanses. A great number of monasteries are situated on Fruška gora. Because of the fact that there are 35 monasteries in these Pannonian mountains, many consider it as the second Athos. There are numerous monasteries throughout Serbia (Dečani, Manasija, Ravnica, Studenica, Sopoćani, Mileševa), forts from different historical periods (Petrovaradin, Kalemegdan, Smederevska tvrđava, Golubac city, Mediana, Gamzigrad, Felix Romulijana, old city of Ras), and colorful ethno-villages and old towns. There is Devil's town, natural rarity which was in the semifinals of voting for 7 Wonders of Nature, and has received the most votes in the category of rocks and formations. However N7W's Commission decided that Devil's town should not continue to the final stage of voting, but to be a backup if one of the finalists should get disqualified. If you love music festivals you've probably heard of the "Exit". It is a summer festival in Petrovaradin, that has been among Top 5 European music festivals in the recent years. Belgrade Beer Festival attracted around 900,000 people last year. Italian Count Pietro D'Arvedi Emilee said that the Serbian hunting areas are one of the best, and more praise came for rural hosts and owners of famous...